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Echter Lorbeer

Echter Lorbeer (Sweet Bay)

Überblick

Der echte Lorbeer, der auch unter den Bezeichnungen Edler Lorbeer und Gewürzlorbeer, sowie unter seinem lateinischen Namen Laurus nobilis bekannt ist, wurde von den Griechen dadurch berühmt gemacht, dass sie ihre Helden mit Kränzen aus geflochtenem Lorbeer krönten. Neben dekorativen Verwendungen wird echter Lorbeer auch zur Herstellung von Medizin verwendet.

Echter Lorbeer wird zur Behandlung von Krebs und Blähungen, zur Anregung des Flusses der Gallensäure und zur Anregung des Schwitzens verwendet.

Einige Menschen tragen echten Lorbeer bei Schuppen auf die Kopfhaut auf. Echter Lorbeer wird auch bei Schmerzen, insbesondere rheumatischen Muskel- und Gelenkschmerzen, auf die Haut aufgetragen.

Die Frucht und das Öl des echten Lorbeers werden zur Behandlung von Furunkeln, die durch infizierte Haarwurzeln hervorgerufen wurden, auf die Haut aufgetragen.

Tierärzte verwenden echten Lorbeer als Eutersalbe.

Bei der Zubereitung von Nahrungsmitteln wird echter Lorbeer als Gewürz verwendet.

Im Bereich der industriellen Herstellung wird das Öl des echten Lorbeers in Kosmetika, Seife und Reinigungsmitteln verwendet.

 

Wie wirkt echter Lorbeer?

Echter Lorbeer enthält Inhaltsstoffe, die Schlaflosigkeit hervorrufen und gegen einige Bakterien und Pilze wirken könnten.

 

Wie effektiv ist echter Lorbeer?

Es gibt nicht genügend wissenschaftliche Daten, um eine Aussage bezüglich der Effektivität von echtem Lorbeer bei Krebs und Blähungen, bei einer Verwendung zur Anregung des Schwitzens und zur Anregung des Flusses der Gallensäure, sowie auf die Haut aufgetragen bei Schuppen, Furunkeln und rheumatischen Muskel- und Gelenkschmerzen treffen zu können.

Es bedarf weiterer wissenschaftlicher Untersuchungen, um die Effektivität von echtem Lorbeer bei diesen Anwendungen bewerten zu können.

 

Sicherheit und Nebenwirkungen

Echter Lorbeer ist in nahrungsmittelüblichen Mengen für die meisten Menschen sicher und unbedenklich. Wenn man mit ganzen Lorbeerblättern kocht, sollte man die Blätter vor dem Verzehr entfernen. Die Blätter können nicht verdaut werden und bleiben bei der Passage durch den Verdauungstrakt intakt. Dies bedeutet, dass Sie die Darmschleimhäute perforieren könnten.

 

Vorsichtsmaßnahmen und Warnungen:

Schwangerschaft und Stillzeit: Es ist nicht genug über die Verwendung von echtem Lorbeer während Schwangerschaft und Stillzeit bekannt. Aus diesem Grund sollten schwangere und stillende Frauen besser auf echten Lorbeer verzichten.

Operationen: Echter Lorbeer kann die Funktion des zentralen Nervensystems verlangsamen. Es gibt Bedenken, dass echter Lorbeer die Funktion des zentralen Nervensystems zu stark reduzieren könnte, wenn er mit Anästhetika oder anderen Medikamenten kombiniert wird, die während oder nach Operationen zum verwendet werden. Aus diesem Grund sollte man die Verwendung von echtem Lorbeer mindestens 2 Wochen vor anstehenden Operationen beenden.

Allergien auf echten Lorbeer: Bei einigen Menschen können allergische Hautausschläge auftreten, wenn sie echten Lorbeer berühren. Wenn man unter einer solchen Allergie leidet, sollte man echten Lorbeer meiden.

 

Wechselwirkungen

Man sollte echten Lorbeer nicht mit folgenden Medikamenten kombinieren

Medikamente gegen Schmerzen (Narkotika)

Der Körper baut einige Medikamente gegen Schmerzen ab, um sie ausscheiden zu können. Echter Lorbeer könnte die Geschwindigkeit, mit der der Körper einige Medikamente gegen Schmerzen abbaut, reduzieren. Hierdurch könnte echter Lorbeer Wirkungen und Nebenwirkungen dieser Medikamente verstärken.

 

Sedativa (das ZNS unterdrückende Wirkstoffe)

Echter Lorbeer kann Schläfrigkeit und Benommenheit verursachen. Medikamente, die Schläfrigkeit verursachen, werden als Sedativa bezeichnet. Die Einnahme von echtem Lorbeer in Verbindung mit Sedativa könnte die Schläfrigkeit zu stark verstärken.

 

Dosierung

Eine angemessene Dosierung von echtem Lorbeer hängt von unterschiedlichen Faktoren wie Alter, Gesundheitszustand und weiteren ab. Zum augenblicklichen Zeitpunkt gibt es keine ausreichenden wissenschaftlichen Daten, um eine Aussage über angemessene Dosierungsbereiche für echten Lorbeer treffen zu können. Aus diesem Grund sollte man sich an die Dosierungsanleitung auf dem Etikett halten und/oder vor der Verwendung einen Arzt oder Apotheker fragen.

 

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