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Narcotica Nitro Glycerine - GN Laboratories

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Narcotica Nitro Glycerine GN Laboratories

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32,02 €

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Nitro Glycerine - for the most explosive pump of your life that will give a whole new meaning to terms like "murderous pump" or "skin-busting pump".

Product Highlights:

  • Insane, brutal, skin-busting pump, by maximizing the blood flow to your working muscles AND dramatically increasing your muscle cell volumization
  • Increased muscle endurance because of a faster and increased supply of nutrients, oxygen and anabolic hormones for your working muscles, as well as a faster removal of toxic metabolic waste products that accelerate the onset muscle fatigue
  • Increased blood flow, increased blood volume and optimized hydration of your muscles
  • Contains the most effective and popular Nitric Oxide Boosters Arginin Polyhydrate™ and CitrullinePolyhydrate™, as well as Hydromax™, an innovative pump ingredient that enhances your muscle pump through an increased muscle cell volumization
  • More reps per set and more sets per workout for faster gains of size and strength
  • Maximized muscle cell volume for additional powerful anabolic effects, a stronger pump during your workouts and a more muscular appearance
  • Accelerated recovery between your workout sets and post-workout to enable you to work out more often without burning out
  • Increased muscle protein synthesis for faster and better gains
  • Reduced muscle soreness post-workout
  • Exceed your personal bests
  • Break through plateaus
  • Free of stimulants – can be used at any time of the day
  • Ideal for athletes who are sensitive to stimulants.
  • Improved bioavailability of the key ingredients because of our innovative Polyhydrate™ Unique Buffering technology

We proudly introduce our strongest stimulant-free pre-workout booster till now: Narcotica Nitro Glycerine. Narcotica Nitro Glycerine will give you the most brutal and explosive pump you’ve ever experienced, while maximizing your physical performance and muscle endurance, as well as optimizing your post-workout recovery.

With Narcotica Nitro Glycerine, terms like "skin-busting pump" will get a whole new meaning. Narcotica Nitro Glycerine will exceed anything else, you can find on the market - but the Narcotica product range has always been something special and Narcotica Nitro Glycerine is no exception. Narcotica Nitro Glycerine will take your workouts to a whole new level, and bad workouts or stagnating gains of strength and muscle mass will be things of the past. Narcotica Nitro Glycerine will make your previous personal records look like a warm up and provide a maximum stimulus for maximum gains in strength and size.

Narcotica Nitro Glycerine goes further than any other pump products available on the market, which are using countless active ingredients to aim at the same pathway: an increased pump through an increased production of nitric oxide and an increased blood flow to your working muscles. Make no mistake, the nitric oxide pathway is critical for an intense pump and we also use this pathway with Narcotica Nitro Glycerine. However, like any process in the human body, nitric oxide production can only be increased to a certain extent, so natural limits are placed on increasing your muscle pump by increasing nitric oxide production. It may be okay for others to stop here - but not for us. We have made it our mission to give you products with maximum effects. We can not afford to sell mediocre products because we have a reputation to lose!

That's why we did not stop here and continued to research for other pathways to maximize your pump. Finally we came across an ingredient that has long been a well-kept secret in the world of professional bodybuilding. What if we could in addition to maximizing nitric oxide production and blood flow to your working muscles also increase the volume of muscle cells while increasing your blood volume? Imagine what this would mean for your pump! And what if we told you that you can experience this unbelievable muscle pump every workout, if you use Narcotica Nitro Glycerine? This innovative ingredient is nothing more than highly-dosed glycerol, which has long been used by experienced bodybuilders to maximize their muscle cell volumization prior to competition to look fuller and more muscular. The main reason you won’t find this ingredient in main stream supplements is the fact that glycerol is liquid and therefore can not be combined with other ingredients in a powder or in capsule. We solved this problem by using Hydromax™ glycerol - a powdered form of glycerol that contains 65% of bound glycerol.

Hydromax glycerol and the two extremely potent nitric oxide boosters contained in Narcotica Nitro Glycerine act by using two completely independent pathways. As a result, the individual effects of these ingredients add up to a total effect that would never be possible by maximizing nitric oxide production alone. You need to feel this brutal muscle pump in order to believe it.

The Narcotica Nitro Glycerine Pump - not only the most awesome feeling you have ever experienced, but also an anabolic, performance enhancing powerhouse!

Arnold once described the pump as the hottest feeling and we are sure that many of you will agree. This unparalleled feeling can increase your workout motivation, leading to increased performance and resulting faster gains of strength and muscle mass. But the pump also has physical effects that no dedicated strength athlete should miss. A muscle pump based on an increased nitric oxide production will result in an increased blood flow to your working muscles. This increased blood flow leads an improved and increased supply of your working muscles with oxygen, nutrients and anabolic endogenous hormones. At the same time, toxic metabolic waste products that are inevitably created during strenuous muscular efforts and which will accelerate the onset of muscle fatigue, are removed more quickly. All of this results in performance increases and a delayed onset of muscle fatigue. This means that you can do more reps per set and more sets per workout, which will create a more intense and more powerful stimulus for increases in strength and muscle mass and this will inevitably result in faster gains of muscle mass and strength.

In addition, an increased blood flow to your working muscle tissue, will accelerates your recovery during and after your workouts. As a result you will be able to work out more often to create a new stimulate for gains in muscle mass and strength, resulting in faster gains. So far so good, but what are the benefits of further increasing the pump by increasing muscle cell volume and blood volume when the physical benefits of the pump seem to be primarily due to the effects of an increased blood supply of your muscles? Well, most people do not realize the fact that a temporary increase in muscle volume, as achieved through a combination of Nitric Oxide Boosters and Hydromax™ Glycerin, will deliver well-documented anabolic, muscle-building benefits on its own. Such a muscle tissue expansion is one of the reasons that strong aromatizing anabolic steroids that cause water retentions in muscle tissue, show stronger muscle building effects than non-aromatizing steroids that do not cause water retentions.

Another important aspect of building muscle is a stretch of the fascia. The fascia is a tightly interconnected network of hard, fibrous tissue that wraps tightly around your muscles and maintains their structural integrity. Unfortunately, the fascia also limits the space available for your muscles to grow. Scientific studies have shown that repeated stretching of the fascia through certain stretching exercises - and probably also by stretching due to a maximized muscle volume - can promote and accelerate your muscle growth.

As you can see, a murderous, skin splitting pump is much more than just a good feeling. And the more you can increase your pump during your workouts, the faster your muscles will grow.

When can a stimulant-free pre-workout supplement such as Narcotica Nitro Glycerine be beneficial?

Even though many users of pre-workout boosters swear by all-embracing products like our unique The Evil Narcotica, which include a sophisticated, synergistic matrix of stimulants for a razor-sharp focus, maximum energy, and maximum strength enhancements, there are numerous uses for pre-workout supplements without stimulants. What if you want or need to work out late in the day, just hours before going to bed? If you use a booster rich in stimulants in a situation like this, there is always the risk of insomnia and sleep problems. Thanks to Narcotica Nitro Glycerine, you can now benefit from the advantages of a real hardcore booster even in a situation like this.

The next examples are people that are sensitive to stimulants, people who are not allowed to use stimulants because of health reasons, or people that simply do not like the effects of stimulants during their workout. Furthermore, there are strength athletes who have used stimulants for so long that they no longer feel any effect and want to restore their sensitivity to stimulants by deliberately avoiding all kinds of these compounds. These people can also benefit from Narcotica Nitro Glycerine and all the performance enhancing effects, it has to offer. Last but not least, Narcotica Nitro Glycerine allows you much more flexibility in your pre-workout supplementation. You are no longer forced to use the stimulant mixture that a certain manufacturer has come up with. Simply combine Narcotica Nitro Glycerine with the stimulants of your choice for a tailor-made pre-workout booster.

The ingredients of Nitro Glycerine Pump Blend Matrix

The uniquely effective Nitro Glycerine Pump Blend Matrix contains the following innovative and extremely powerful ingredients:

Hydromax® (65% glycerol)

Hydromax® is glycerol in powder form with a glycerol content of 65%. In comparison, the glycerol monostearate usually used in supplements, only has a glycerol content of 5 to 12% and is also instable when dissolved in water. Glycerol is one of the best-kept secrets in professional bodybuilding and one of the most underestimated performance enhancing substances. In the bodybuilding supplement industry glycerine was hardly ever used, because pure glycerol is a liquid and thus can not be integrated into preparations in powder form.

The interesting aspect of glycerol as an active ingredient for an increased muscle pump is that it unfolds its effect by using a completely different pathway as the nitric oxide pathway that virtually all other pump boosters rely on. Glycerol has a pronounced hydrating effect on your body. As a result, more water is drawn into your muscle cells, dramatically increasing your muscle cell volume. In addition, glycerol increases your blood volume, which results in a further increased pump and a more pronounced vascularity. The increase in blood volume is so pronounced that the WADA has put glycerine on the list of prohibited substances, because an increase in blood volume may mask the use of prohibited performance enhancing drugs.

An increased muscle cell volume and an increased blood volume will inevitably result in an extreme, literally skin-splitting pump. And since these effects are not due to an increased nitric oxide production, the pump-maximizing effects of glycerol and nitric oxide boosters, such as Citrulline Polyhydrate™ and Arginine Polyhydrate™ will add up to a muscle pump that is out of this world. Another bonus of a glycerol-enhanced hydration of your body is the fact that this will effectively counteract any dehydration during exercise. This is crucial for a maximum exercise performance, as a dehydration of merely 2% will significantly reduce strength and physical performance.

L-Citrulline Polyhydrate™

Citrulline is a naturally occurring amino acid and one of the most effective nitric oxide boosters. Just like arginine, citrulline also exerts its nitric oxide boosting activity via the so-called l-arginine-nitric oxide synthase-nitric oxide pathway that converts arginine into nitric oxide by usage of the enzyme eNOS.

The interesting thing about orally taken citrulline is the fact that it increases the arginine levels in your body much stronger than orally taken arginine. This has to do with the fact that orally ingested arginine is partially broken down in your body before it reaches your blood circulation, while citrulline is converted to arginine in your kidneys after passing your liver intact.

The nitric oxide produced with the help of citrulline relaxes the smooth muscles of your veins, which results in a widening of your blood vessels and an increased blood flow to your working muscles. This increased blood flow results in an extreme muscle pump and an increased supply of nutrients, oxygen and anabolic hormones for your working muscles, as well as a faster removal of toxic metabolic waste products that are produced in higher amounts during exercise. This will increase your muscle performance and delay the onset of fatigue, while speeding up your post-workout recovery. As an added bonus, citrulline will boost your muscle protein synthesis, which will result in faster gains and may also reduce muscle soreness post workout. In Narcotica Nitro Glycerine we use our innovative Polyhydrate™ form of l-citrulline, which prevents citrulline of destruction in your digestive tract and increases its bioavailability to ensure maximum effects.

Arginine Polyhydrate™

Arginine is an amino acid that occurs naturally in the human body and in certain foods. This amino acid is by far the most widely used and most scientifically studied ingredient for boosting your body's nitric oxide production. No other nitric oxide booster is used as often as arginine and millions of satisfied users can not be wrong.

To prevent a destruction of arginine in your digestive tract - which is one of the main reasons that arginine may not work to its best effects in some users - we use our innovative Polyhydrate™ version of arginine. The innovative Polyhydrate™ unique buffering technology counteracts any destruction of arginine in your digestive tract and increases its bioavailability to ensure maximum effects. But arginine can do much more. Scientific research has shown that arginine can increase your body’s growth hormone production and thereby help you to build muscle mass and strength much faster. And, as if all this were not enough, arginine has also been shown to have beneficial effects on health and male potency.

The Polyhydrate™ Unique Buffering Technology

Gastric acid is an extremely important component of our digestive system because it plays a key role in digestion of proteins and in killing foodborne pathogens. Unfortunately, gastric acid may also reduce the bioavailability of many orally administered drugs and supplement ingredients, because a part of these compounds will be destroyed or chemically altered by gastric acid. This is where our innovative Polyhydrate™ Unique Buffering Technology comes into play. This unique acid buffering system prevents the active ingredients contained in Narcotica Nitro Glycerine from being destroyed by your stomach acid. This protection results in a higher bioavailability and, ultimately in a greater amount of active ingredients that will be taken up intact by your body.

The GN Laboratories Quality Guarantee

We only use the purest, highest quality ingredients the market has to offer. In order to guarantee you a consistent high quality of all of our products, each of our products is regularly tested for purity and quality of all of its ingredients.

Important note: Due to the very high content of Hydromax® glycerin, Narcotica Nitro Glycerine may have a slightly sticky consistency. This is not based on a high moisture content, but rather represents a normal physical property of Hydromax® glycerin. The shelf life and effects of the product will not be affected by this.

IMPORTANT NOTE:

Glycerol is also known by the name propane-1,2,3-triol. This is a sugar alcohol that is present in all natural fats, oils and fatty acid esters. Due to its physical and chemical properties, this raw material will clump easily. One reason for this is its low melting point of about 18 degrees Celsius.

Bewertungen

  • Titel:Pump
    Super Pump und Perfekter geschmack, ich benutze immer 2 Scoops.
  • Titel:Heftig ohne viel Stimulazien
    Nitro für den Pump und das langanhaltend!
  • Titel:Hammer Teil!
    Ich weiß garnicht was ihr habt ...der geschmack ist Bombe !
    Der schmeckt echt gut und der Booster an sich scheppert ordentlich, ich brauch 4 scoops ( 20g) und das zeug gibt mir n brutalen pump .
    Definitv empfehlenswert :)
  • Titel:Bewertung
    Hammer pump
    Kein Training ohne nitro ????
  • Titel:Guter Booster!
    Der Geschmackt ist echt grausam! ;-) Aber die Wirkung wirklich gut! Ich muss um den besten Pump zu erreichen auf 25g pro Dosis gehen! Der Pump ist aber wirklich gut.
Nur registrierte Benutzer können bewerten.

put 3 (15g) to 4 (20g) measuring spoons Narcotica Nitro Glycerine in 500 ml of water and shake it 1 minute. Consume 30-45 minutes before beginning your workout. Drink 300 - 500 ml clear water after consuming Narcotica Nitro Glycerine. DO NOT EXCEED 4 SCOOPS IN ANY 24 HOUR PERIOD.

Food supplements are not intended as a substitute for a balanced and varied diet and healthy lifestyle. The recommended daily intake indicated should not be exceeded. Keep out of reach of young children!

Bilberry

Bilberry

Was ist Bilberry (Heidelbeere)?

Die Bilberry (Heidelbeere) wird auch als europäische Heidelbeere bezeichnet. Ihr lateinischer Name lautet accinium myrtillus L. Die Heidelbeere wächst an einem niedrigwüchsigen Busch, der zur Ericaceae Familie gehört (1, 2). Die Beeren selbst sind schmackhaft und besitzen eine schwarzblaue Farbe. Heidelbeeren sind dafür bekannt, dass sie eine der reichsten Quellen für eine hochwirksame Klasse von Pflanzenantioxidantien darstellen, die als Anthocyane bezeichnet werden (1, 2).

 

Wo wachsen Heidelbeeren?

Heidelbeeren sind in Europa und Nordamerika heimisch (1, 2). Die wilde europäische Heidelbeere ist in Finnland eine der wichtigsten natürlichen Ressourcen, wo sie in Wäldern von Hand zur heimischen Verwendung und für den Verkauf geerntet wird (3).

 

Die Vorzüge von Heidelbeeren und Heidelbeerextrakten

Die Heidelbeere ist für ihre therapeutische Effizienz als wirkungsvolles Antioxidans gut bekannt. Der größte Teil der wissenschaftlichen Untersuchungen hat sich auf eine Gruppe von Verbindungen konzentriert, die als Anthocyane bezeichnet werden, da diese Verbindungen als die pharmakologisch aktivsten Bestandteile der Heidelbeere angesehen werden (4). Im Rahmen wissenschaftlicher Untersuchungen wurden Heidelbeeren bzw. Heidelbeerextrakt primär für zwei Indikationen untersucht: Arteriosklerose/Diabetes und die Gesundheit der Augen (5). Auch wenn es einige sehr vielversprechende Studien bezüglich der Vorzüge von Heidelbeerextrakten zur Behandlung von Arteriosklerose und zur Förderung der Gesundheit der Augen am Tiermodell gibt (1, 7-9), haben Humanstudien gegensätzliche Resultate produziert (2, 5).

Eine erwähnenswerte vielversprechende Humanstudie umfasste eine Untersuchung der Wirkungen von Heidelbeerextrakt in Kombination mit Lutein und Fischöl bei Symptomen von Asthenopie (Überlastung bzw. Ermüdung der Augen). Im Vergleich zu einer Placebogruppe zeigte die mit diesen Wirkstoffen behandelte Gruppe signifikante Verbesserungen bezüglich der Symptome einer Asthenophie und der mentalen Erschöpfung (10). In unserer heutigen Zeit, in der viele Menschen täglich viel Zeit vor dem Computer verbringen, könnte sich Heidelbeerextrakt zur Förderung der Gesundheit der Augen als recht nützlich erweisen.

 

Nebenwirkungen von Heidelbeerextrakt

Ratten wurden Dosierungen von bis zu 400mg Heidelbeerextrakt pro Kilogramm Körpergewicht verabreicht, ohne dass toxische Nebenwirkungen beobachtet wurden. Eine Langzeitverabreichung von Dosierungen im Bereich von 180 mg Anthocyane pro Kilogramm Körpergewicht bei  menschlichen Probanden über einen Zeitraum von 6 Monaten produzierte keine toxischen Wirkungen (5, 6). Ein Studienreview, das Studien mit insgesamt über 2000 Probanden umfasste, die Heidelbeerextrakt einnahmen, berichtete nur von milden Nebenwirkungen, die das Verdauungssystem, die Haut oder das Nervensystem betrafen (5, 6).

 

Einnahmeempfehlung für Heidelbeerextrakt

Die meisten Human- und Tierstudien verwendeten Dosierungen, die zwischen 200 und 500mg Anthocyane (5) lagen. Supplements enthalten in der Regel zwischen 100mg und 300mg Heidelbeerextrakt. Die ganze frische Frucht enthält zwischen 0,1 und 0,25% Anthocyane und konzentrierte Extrakte enthalten zwischen 30 und 40% Anthocyane.

 

Heidelbeerextrakt Supplements

Trotz der Vielzahl wissenschaftlicher Untersuchungen bezüglich der Gesundheitsvorzüge von Heidelbeerextrakt, ist dieses Extrakt bisher noch nicht in vielen Bodybuilding Supplements enthalten. Dies hängt höchstwahrscheinlich damit zusammen, dass Gesundheitsvorzüge meist nicht mit Zuwächsen an Kraft und/oder Muskelmasse in Verbindung gebracht werden.

 

Kombinationen mit anderen Supplements

Heidelbeerextrakt kann mit anderen Phytoantioxidantien und Antioxidantien aus andern Nahrungsmitteln zu einer umfassenden Antioxidantienformel kombiniert werden. Eine andere beliebte Kombination ist die Kombination von Heidelbeerextrakt mit anderen Phytonährstoffen wie Lutein und Zeaxanthin, die auf die Gesundheit der Augen abzielen. Wie weiter oben erwähnt wurde, kann die Kombination von Heidelbeerextrakt mit Lutein und Fischöl dabei helfen, eine Überlastung der Augen sowie die mentale Erschöpfung reduzieren (10). Des Weiteren kann Heidelbeerextrakt mit Produkten eingenommen werden, die große Mengen an Kohlenhydraten enthalten, um die Wirkung von Insulin zu optimieren.

 

Wie sicher und unbedenklich ist Heidelbeerextrakt?

Wie man es bei einem Nahrungsmittel erwarten würde, ist der Konsum von Heidelbeeren sehr sicher und absolut unbedenklich (5). Da Heidelbeerextrakte die Blutgerinnung hemmen, sollten sehr hohe Dosierungen von Patienten, die unter einer verstärkten Blutungsneigung oder einer Störung der Blutgerinnung leiden oder Medikamente zur Hemmung der Blutgerinnung einnehmen, mit Vorsicht verwendet werden (5).

 

Referenzen:

  1. Mauray A, et al. Nutrigenomic analysis of the protective effects of bilberry anthocyanin-rich extract in apo E-deficient mice. Genes Nutr. 2010;5:343–353.
  2. Canter PH, et al. Anthocyanosides of vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) for night vision—a systematic review of placebo-controlled trials. Survey of Opthalmology. 2004;49(1):38-50.
  3. Latti AK, et al. Analysis of anthocyanin variation in wild populations of Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) in Finland. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56:190-196.
  4. Yao Y & Vieira A. Protective activities of Vaccinium antioxidants with potential relevance to mitochondrial dysfunction and neurotoxicity. Neurotoxicity. 2007;28:93–100.
  5. Monograph. Vaccinium myrtillus (bilberry). Alternative Medicine Review. 2001;6(5):500-504.
  6. Eandi M. Post-marketing investigation on Tegens“ preparation with respect to side effects. 1987. Cited in Morazzoni P, Bombardelli E. Vaccinium myrtillus I. Fitoterapia 1996;67:3-29.
  7. Mauray A, et al. Bilberry anthocyanin-rich extract alters expression of genes related to atherosclerosis development in aorta of apo E-deficient mice. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2012;22(1):72-80.
  8. Mauray A, et al. Atheroprotective effects of bilberry extracts in apo E-deficient mice. J Agric Food Chem. 2009;57(23):11106-11111.
  9. Helmstädter A & Schuster N. Vaccinium myrtillus as an antidiabetic medicinal plant--research through the ages. Pharmazie. 2010;65(5):315-321.
  10. Kawabata F, Tsuji T. Effects of dietary supplementation with a combination of fish oil, bilberry extract, and lutein on subjective symptoms of asthenopia in humans. Biomed Res. 2011 Dec;32(6):387-93.

Glycerol

Glyzerin (Glycerol)

Überblick

Glyzerin ist eine natürlich vorkommende Chemikalie, die von einigen Menschen als Medizin verwendet wird.

Glyzerin wird oral zur Unterstützung des Gewichtsabbaus, zur Verbesserung der Trainingsleistung, um dem Körper dabei zu helfen, durch Durchfall und Erbrechen verlorene Flüssigkeit zu ersetzen und zur Reduzierung des Augeninnendrucks bei Menschen, die unter grünem Star leiden, eingenommen.

Ärzte verabreichen Glyzerin manchmal intravenös, um den Druck im Gehirn bei bestimmten Leiden inklusive Schlaganfall, Meningitis, Enzephalitis, Reye Syndrom, Pseudotumor Cerebri, ZNS Traumata und ZNS Tumoren zu lindern. Weitere Einsatzgebiete für intravenöse Glyzerin Injektionen umfassen die Reduzierung des Gehirnvolumens für neurochirurgische Eingriffe und die Behandlung von Ohnmachtsanfällen im Stehen aufgrund eines schlechten Blutflusses zum Gehirn.

Einige Menschen tragen Glyzerin als Feuchtigkeitsmittel auf die Haut auf.

Augenärzte verwenden manchmal eine Lösung, die Glyzerin enthält, um die Flüssigkeit in der Hornhaut vor einer Augenuntersuchung zu reduzieren.

Rektal wird Glyzerin als Abführmittel verwendet.

 

Wie wirkt Glyzerin?

Glyzerin zieht Wasser in den Verdauungstrakt, macht den Stuhl weicher und lindert Verstopfungen.

 

Wie effektiv ist Glyzerin?

Glyzerin ist wahrscheinlich als Abführmittel wirksam, wenn es Rektal als Zäpfchen verabreicht wird.

Glyzerin ist möglicherweise nicht effektiv, wenn es oral zur Unterstützung des Gewichtsabbaus eingenommen wird.

Glyzerin ist wahrscheinlich ineffektiv, wenn es oral zur Verbesserung der sportlichen Leistungsfähigkeit oder intravenös zur Behandlung eines akuten Schlaganfalls verwendet wird.

Es gibt nicht genügend wissenschaftliche Daten, um eine Aussage bezüglich der Effektivität von Glyzerin zur Unterstützung der Hydration bei Sportlern und Menschen, die unter Problemen im Bereich des Verdauungstrakts leiden, sowie zur Reduzierung von Falten der Haut treffen zu können. Es bedarf weiterer wissenschaftlicher Untersuchungen, um die Effektivität von Glyzerin bei diesen Anwendungen bewerten zu können.

 

Sicherheit und Nebenwirkungen

Glyzerin scheint für die meisten Erwachsenen sicher und unbedenklich zu sein. Bei oraler Einnahme kann Glyzerin Nebenwirkungen inklusive Kopfschmerzen, Schwindel, einem aufgeblähten Gefühl, Übelkeit, Erbrechen, Durst und Durchfall hervorrufen.

Glyzerin könnte nicht sicher und unbedenklich sein, wenn es intravenös injiziert wird, da die roten Blutkörperchen ernsthaft beschädigt werden könnten.

 

Vorsichtsmaßnahmen und Warnungen:

Schwangerschaft und Stillzeit: Es ist nicht genug über die Verwendung von Glyzerin während Schwangerschaft und Stillzeit bekannt. Aus diesem Grund sollten schwangere und stillende Frauen besser auf Glyzerin verzichten.

 

Wechselwirkungen

Zum augenblicklichen Zeitpunkt liegen keine Informationen über Wechselwirkungen von Glyzerin mit Medikamenten oder Supplements vor.

 

Dosierung

Folgende Dosierungen wurden im Rahmen wissenschaftlicher Untersuchungen untersucht:

Rektal:

  • Als Abführmittel für Erwachsene bei Verstopfung: Die für gewöhnlich verwendete Dosis Glyzerin liegt bei 2 bis 3 Gramm in Form von Zäpfchen oder einem 5 bis 15 ml Einlauf. Bei Kindern unter 6 Jahren liegt die Dosierung bei 1 bis 1,7 Gramm in Form von Zäpfchen oder 2 bis 5 ml in Form eines Einlaufs.

 

Referenzen:

  1. Arnall DA, Goforth HW. Failure to reduce body water loss in cold-water immersion by glycerol ingestion. Undersea Hyperb Med 1993;20:309-20.
  2. Bayer AJ, Pathy MS, Newcombe R. Double-blind randomised trial of intravenous glycerol in acute stroke. Lancet 1987;:405-8.
  3. Bjorvell H, Hylander B, Rossner S. Effects of glycerol addition to diet in weight-reducing clubs. Int J Obes 1984;8:129-33.
  4. Covington TR, et al. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs. 11th ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmaceutical Association, 1996.
  5. Dry skin management. Pharmacist's Letter/Prescriber's Letter 2008;24(3):240316.
  6. Fawer R, Justafre JC, Berger JP, Schelling JL. Intravenous glycerol in cerebral infarction: a controlled 4-month trial. Stroke 1978;9:484-6.
  7. Frei A, Cottier C, Wunderlich P, Ludin E. Glycerol and dextran combined in the therapy of acute stroke. A placebo-controlled, double-blind trial with a planned interim analysis. Stroke 1987;18:373-9.
  8. Friedli W, Imbach P, Ghisleni-Steinegger S, et al. [Treatment with 10% glycerin in acute ischemic cerebral infarct. Doubleblind study]. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 1979;109:737-42.
  9. Inder WJ, Swanney MP, Donald RA, et al. The effect of glycerol and desmopressin on exercise performance and hydration in triathletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1998;30:1263-9.
  10. Montner P, Stark DM, Riedesel ML, et al. Pre-exercise glycerol hydration improves cycling endurance time. Int J Sports Med 1996;17:27-33.
  11. Murray R, Eddy DE, Paul GL, et al. Physiological responses to glycerol ingestion during exercise. J Appl Physiol 1991;71:144-9.
  12. Robergs RA, Griffin SE. Glycerol. Biochemistry, pharmacokinetics and clinical and practical applications. Sports Med 1998;26:145-67.
  13. Stanko RT, Reynolds HR, Hoyson R, et al. Pyruvate supplementation of a low-cholesterol, low-fat diet: effects on plasma lipid concentrations and body composition in hyperlipidemic patients. Am J Clin Nutr 1994;59:423-7.
  14. Wagner DR. Hyperhydrating with glycerol: implications for athletic performance. J Am Diet Assoc 1999;99:207-12.
  15. Yu YL, Kumana CR, Lauder IJ, et al. Treatment of acute cerebral hemorrhage with intravenous glycerol. A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial. Stroke 1992;23:967-71.
  16. Yu YL, Kumana CR, Lauder IJ, et al. Treatment of acute cortical infarct with intravenous glycerol. A double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial. Stroke 1993;24:1119-24.

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